Gerald Young

Associate Professor


   Glendon College - York Hall 140

Gerald Young is Editor-in-Chief of the Springer journal, Psychological Injury and Law (PIL; Also, he publishes books on the topic, including one on Malingering in 2014. His most recent book is entitled "Unifying Causality and Psychology: Being, Brain, and Behavior" (Springer SBM, 2016). He publishes in psychological, psychiatric, medical, and law journals. He has appeared as an expert witness for a case involving the Supreme Court of Canada. His practice covers rehabilitation and also families.

Health and Mental Health
Law, Justice and Crime

University of Montreal
University of Western Ontario

Revising the APA Ethics Code


Young, G. (2016). Unifying Causality and Psychology: Being, Brain and Behavior. New York: Springer Nature.

Journal Articles

Young, G. (2016). A broad ethics model for mental health. Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health, 2(2).

Young, G. (2015). Causality in psychiatry: A hybrid symptom network construct model. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, November, Article 164, 1-15.

Young, G. (2015).  Causality in civil disability and criminal forensic cases: Legal and psychological comparison. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 42-43, 119-120.

Young, G. (2015). PTSD-SUDs comorbidities in the context of psychological injury and law. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 233-251.

Young, G. (2015). Dimensions and dissociation in PTSD in the DSM-5: Towards eight core symptoms. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 219-232.

Young, G. (2015). Towards balanced VA and SSA policies in psychological injury disability assessment. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 200-218.

Young, G. (2015). Malingering in forensic disability-related assessments: Prevalence 15 +/- 15%. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 188-199.

Young, G. (2015). Science, bias, and continuing to educate. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(3), 185-187.

Young, G. (2015). Detection system for malingered PTSD and related response biases. Psychological Injury and Law, 8(2), 169-183.

2016 - York University Research Leader
2015 - Outstanding Lifetime Achievement Award. Canadian Psychological Association, Trauma Stress Section
2015 - Fellow of the American Psychological Association